Of Philosopher-Kings and Megalomaniacs

It’s Great Books Monday once again, and our train keeps on rolling. It’s quite healthy to read something from several different time periods on a regular basis; the practice helps to keep you from unconsciously adopting the biases of a particular era by making those biases more evident. This week we have selections from the ancient world, the 18th century, and the 20th century.

More specifically, here are the readings for the upcoming week:

  1. Animal Farm by George Orwell, Chapters I-V  (GBWW Vol. 60, pp. 477-496)
  2. Themistocles” by Plutarch (GBWW Vol. 13, pp. 88-102)
  3. Plato’s Republic, Book VI (GBWW Vol. 6, pp. 373-388)
  4. Federalist #48 (GBWW Vol. 40, pp. 156-159; Antifederalist responses are here)
  5. “Mathematics in Life and Thought” by Andrew Forsyth (GGB Vol. 9, pp. 26-46)
  6. How We Think by John Dewey, Chapter IX (GGB Vol. 10, pp. 132-143)

Figuring out where to place the six new volumes (#55-60) of the 1990 edition of GBWW is a bit of a challenge; obviously they were not part of the reading plans Adler drafted in the 1960s. I figured Animal Farm is one we could tackle early on, though.

Here are some observations on last week’s readings:

  1. The Man of Destiny by George Bernard Shaw: I can only imagine English people in the 1890s listening to themselves being described by Napoleon in the final scene. I can’t see their responding too warmly. This was the first play I’ve ever read by Shaw–Saint Joan is in the GBWW set–and I appreciate his ability to turn a phrase and his sense of the comic. Too bad those talents were spent in advocating Fabian Socialism . . .
  2. “A Meditation Upon a Broomstick” by Jonathan Swift: This man never pulls his punches, does he? Who would have thought of using a broomstick as a memento mori?
  3. Plato’s Republic, Book V: The advocacy of the holding of wives and children in common just begs for a rebuttal, and of course Aristotle gave us one, which we’ll read in due course. I can see the feminist love/hate relationship with Plato again here: on the one hand he says women should do all the same things as men, but on the other he says they’re obviously not as good at anything as men are. This is also the section where Plato unveils the philosopher-king in response to the question of whether a state like the one they’re discussing could ever exist.
  4. Federalist #47: Madison is nothing if not thorough here, insisting on showing how each one of the the thirteen states separates executive, legislative, and judicial functions. I was ready to cry uncle after four or five. His argument: if none of the states has a perfect separation of branches, one shouldn’t expect the proposed central government to have it, either. Fair enough.
  5. “The Starry Messenger” by Galileo Galilei: I’ll be honest: I’m glad the editor decided to abridge the section where Galileo gives a daily log of the position of the four moons of Jupiter. You can feel the excitement coming through his narrative, though. To think that he was the very first person ever to see those moons, or to see the surface of our moon well enough to discern its topography.
  6. How We Think by John Dewey, Chapter VIII: Again, a good summary in this chapter, this time on the process of judgment. But you can see the danger signs in one or two places, particularly when he critiques the educational system of his day for “putting product before process.” After decades of Dewey-inspired pedagogy, we know that teachers have given students process without product.

I don’t know what the weather’s like where you are, but we’ve been in the dog days of summer for weeks here in Alabama. Triple-digit temperatures are no fun. I hope everyone finds a way to stay cool while reading this week.


About Dr. J

I am Professor of Humanities at Faulkner University, where I chair the Department of Humanities and direct online M.A. and Ph.D. programs based on the Great Books of Western Civilization. I am also Associate Editor of the Journal of Faith and the Academy and a member of the faculty at Liberty Classroom.
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One Response to Of Philosopher-Kings and Megalomaniacs

  1. Dan says:

    Seems like Plato may have been considering and ancient form of Eugenics in part of this chapter. Saying that the state has the right to choose who breeds, sounds a little like National Socialism.

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