Proof That Not All Cultures Are Equal

Straight lines perpendicular to planes, birds carrying gems to poor people, cannibals, bridge building . . . you encounter all kinds of different things when you read the Great Books. I hope you’ve been following along because we’re closing in on the end of a couple of long works now. But even if this is your first week with us, we’ve got a couple of short pieces for you.

Here are the selections for the upcoming week:

  1. Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe, Chapter XV* (GGB Vol. 2, pp. 80-90)
  2. The Histories of Herodotus, Book V (GBWW Vol. 5, pp. 160-185)
  3. The Battle with the Cannon” by Victor Hugo (GGB Vol. 2, pp. 146-154; excerpt from Ninety-Three: Part I, Book II, Chapters IV-VI)
  4. Federalist #39-40 (GBWW Vol. 40, pp. 125-132; Antifederalist responses are here)
  5. The Elements of Euclid, Book XII (GGBW Vol. 10, pp. 338-368)
  6. The Ethics of Belief” by William Clifford (GGB Vol. 10, pp. 16-36)

*The GGB set contains only 117 pages of excerpts from Robinson Crusoe. I plan to read the whole novel, but this week it doesn’t make any difference; all of Chapter XV is in Adler’s excerpts.

We’ll pass the 2,500-page mark this week in our reading program. Does your brain feel stronger yet?

Here are some observations on last week’s readings:

  1. Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe, Chapters XIV: So Crusoe trusts Friday, but not completely, keeping a barrier between them at night. Smart man. Now, how does one civilize a cannibal? I know Montaigne argued they were as civilized as Europeans, but let’s be real here.
  2. The Histories of Herodotus, Book IV: The figure of Darius provides some continuity, but I couldn’t shake the feeling that this book was a big digression from Herodotus’s main story. Scythians . . . yuck! Strangling gobs of people to bury with kings . . . not too different from earlier Egyptians, I suppose, but the dispassionate description of it here made me shudder. Maybe Herodotus just assumes we know not to expect anything better from barbarians.
  3. “The Happy Prince” by Oscar Wilde: In this story, Christian charity is equated with capital consumption as well as self-sacrifice. Then we have a character linking utility to beauty. Definitely some interesting ambiguities going on here.
  4. Federalist #37-38: It seems like the gist of these two papers was a call for readers not to make the perfect the enemy of the good. That’s fine as far as it goes, if you accept the premise that the Constitution’s opponents were utopians. Some may have been, but others certainly saw the document as representing a move in the wrong direction.
  5. The Elements of Euclid, Book XI: Comprehension at last! Planes, lines intersecting them and others parallel to them . . . this I can get. I’m glad we came back down to earth, so to speak, after the torture of Book X. things started to heat up again around Proposition 22 or so, but still this book was a walk in the park, comparatively speaking.
  6. “Nature” by Ralph Waldo Emerson: There’s no unified theory here like we had with Mill, but it’s remarkable to me how the 21st century seems to echo Emerson’s quasi-worship of nature, even in its fallacious assumptions about geology banishing Moses and Plato. The section about motion and rest was interesting.

I thought that the summer would give me a more relaxed pace for reading, but I had to spend much of yesterday completing last week’s readings. House hunting takes lots of time, I find.


About Dr. J

I am Professor of Humanities at Faulkner University, where I chair the Department of Humanities and direct online M.A. and Ph.D. programs based on the Great Books of Western Civilization. I am also Associate Editor of the Journal of Faith and the Academy and a member of the faculty at Liberty Classroom.
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